There are three basic types of lighting that work together in your home:
• Ambient (general lighting)
A good lighting plan combines all three types to light an area according to function and style.
Ambient lighting provides an area with overall illumination. Also known as general lighting, it radiates a comfortable level of brightness without glare and allows you to see and walk about safely. In some spaces such as laundry rooms, the ambient lighting also serves as the primary source of task lighting.
Task lighting helps you perform specific tasks, such as reading, grooming, preparing and cooking food, doing homework, working on hobbies, playing games and balancing your chequebook. It can be provided by recessed and track lighting, pendant lighting and under cabinet lighting, as well as by portable floor and desk lamps.
Task lighting should be free of distracting glare and shadows and should be bright enough to prevent eye strain.
It can be accomplished with chandeliers, ceiling or wall-mounted fixtures, recessed or track lights and with lanterns mounted on the outside of the home. Having a central source of ambient light in all rooms is fundamental to a good lighting plan.
Accent lighting adds drama to a room by creating visual interest. As part of an interior design scheme, it is used to draw the eye to houseplants, paintings, sculptures and other prized possessions. It can also be used to highlight the texture of a brick or stone wall, window treatments or outdoor landscaping.
To be effective, accent lighting requires as least three times as much light on the focal point as the general lighting surrounding it.
Accent lighting is usually provided by recessed and track lighting or wall-mounted picture lights.
Bespoke lighting is lighting that is custom designed to the specifications of the client or tailor made to fit and illuminate a certain space. It can be created from an idea the client has, or it can be made in the style of the artist who is creating the fixture. This type of lighting creates a space that illuminated exactly as the owner wishes, because nearly every aspect of the light can be configured to work with the space. Bespoke lighting can be used in a residential setting or applied to a large public space. It is not uncommon for a bespoke lighting installation to double as visual art.
There are many reasons to use bespoke lighting. Aesthetics ; the desire to have a room illuminated in a specific way and to have the lighting fixture appear in a specific fashion , is the most popular reason. A custom light might be necessary for oddly shaped spaces where generic lighting fixtures would not fit or function properly. Public areas might use custom lighting because of unique requirements that arise from the number of people who could gather there. These same spaces also could end up with bespoke lighting to maintain continuity of design throughout the structure.
There are a variety of bespoke lighting styles. Some artists use reclaimed metal and wood materials, welding together parts to form chandeliers or standing lamps. Other artists have each piece meticulously machined in the desired finish before assembling the light. When considering bespoke lighting, the client might choose to provide his or her own designs or rely on the vision of the artist.
With the custom manufacturing of every aspect of a light, very innovative designs can be used and integrated into a room. Fixtures can be recessed or hidden and glass can be tinted to fit in with other aspects of the decor. Special lights can be placed under water or in wet areas such as a bathroom to provide a distinctive appearance.
Bespoke lighting has been used in buildings all around the world. Some of the designs that have been created include a three-story-high chandelier that illuminates a winding stairwell, a series of nebulous lights suspended by nearly invisible wires, and a group of small, square lights made to resemble cubes of ice and intended to act as accents for tables in a restaurant. Although considerably more expensive than generic lighting, bespoke lights are capable of defining a space within the context of its own design.
Security lighting provides a level of illumination to clearly identify persons or objects and creates a psychological deterrent to criminal activity in the area being protected. There are four general types of outside security lighting: continuous lighting, emergency lighting, moveable lighting, and standby lighting.
The most familiar type of outdoor security lighting can be designed to provide either of two specific results: greater projection or controlled lighting. The glare method of continuous lighting originated in prisons and correctional institutes. It is still used today. It is described by some security experts as a “barrier light” and is particularly effective for lighting boundaries around a facility and approaches to a site. This technique is normally used when the glare of lights directed across an area does not annoy or interfere with neighbouring or adjacent properties. The utility of this method is that a potential intruder has difficulty seeing inside an area protected by such a “barrier”; thus, the lighting method creates a strong visual and psychological deterrent. Generally, floodlights are used in this way because the beam, although easy to direct, produces a lot of glare.
The controlled lighting method is generally employed in situations where, due to surrounding property, nearby highways, or other limitations, it is necessary to more precisely focus the light. For example, the controlled lighting method is used when the width of the lighted strip outside an area must be controlled and adjusted to fit a particular need, such as illuminating a wide strip inside a fence and a narrow strip outside, or lighting a wall or roof. One of the most popular methods of controlled lighting for industrial and commercial use is the “surface method.”
This method provides for the complete illumination of a particular area or structure within a defined site; not only are the perimeters of the property lighted, but also the various parking areas, storage lots, and other locations that require improved security. Another advantage of the surface method is that the lighting units are directed at a building rather than away from it so that its appearance is enhanced at night. This method is used in some locations to illuminate the front and surroundings of residential sites.
A second type of outside security lighting is stand-by lighting. Stand-by lighting systems generally consist of continuous systems, but are designed for reserve or stand-by use or to supplement continuous systems. These systems are engaged either automatically or manually when the continuous system is inoperative or when there is a need for additional light. A stand-by system is most useful to selectively light a particular portion of a site if an intruder is suspected or to light an area for occasional use.
MOVEABLE OR PORTABLE LIGHTING:
A third system uses moveable lighting hardware. This system is manually operated and usually is made up of moveable search or flood lights that are located in selected places, which require temporary lighting. The moveable system is also used to supplement
Continuous or stand-by lighting. This system is particularly useful at construction sites.
Legislation requires all occupied buildings to have adequate escape lighting to allow safe exit should the mains power fail. Escape and exit routes in the UK must be lit to a minimum of one lux during an emergency.
BS 5266 calls for a minimum light level of 1 lux along escape routes for normal risks. Emergency luminaires should be spaced to provide at least this illumination in the event of a power failure.
Emergency luminaires have integral back-up batteries, continuously charged during normal operation. They power the luminaire for at least 3 hours should power fail. Emergency light output is approx. 10% of normal levels.
The non-obstructed, quickest and safest escape route must be lit to a minimum of 1 lux during an emergency. If the open area is less than 60m2 and isn’t part of an escape route then emergency lighting isn’t required, however the exit doors for the emergency escape route must have signs or an emergency bulkhead light.
An escape route such as a designated corridor must be unobstructed and lit to a minimum of 1 lux during an emergency.
Due to increased hazards, these areas need to be lit to a minimum of 2 lux during an emergency.
Every emergency luminaire must have a green LED indicator to show it is charged and functional.
The Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997 & BS5266 part 1 – require building owners to test emergency lighting systems regularly and maintain them in proper working order.
Maintained luminaires operate as normal light fittings during everyday operation and can be controlled with all other luminaires in the area. When power fails they automatically switch to battery backup.
Non-maintained luminaires remain off during everyday operation, only illuminating when the mains power fails.
Emergency lights may duplicate any or all of the other three types of lighting. Generally, the emergency lighting system is used in time of power failure or other emergencies when other systems are inoperative. The unique feature of the emergency system is that it is based on alternate power source such as a gas powered generator or batteries. Emergency lighting also is considered as a back-up source of lighting, especially for systems that use high intensity discharge lamps (HID) exclusively. HID lamps darken with momentary power this brief period is critical, use an alternate emergency lighting source, like incandescent.
Lighting is a very important aspect of Crime Prevention that often goes over looked or misused. Take the time to survey your property during the night time. Check for dark areas, these are places that unwanted persons can hide undetected. Check for areas that may have blind spots because of the misdirection of the lighting sources. On occasion the lighting choice and positioning may be too much for the area. Misdirection of lighting can cause a “wall of light”. This “wall of light” could create a hiding place for a criminal out in the open. While looking at your property, look for these “walls of light”, which would be an area that, because of the light, you can’t see past or thru it. Thus, if a person were to stand out in the open behind the light source, you still could not detect that they were standing there. If this is the case all you need to do is re-position the light source. This may take several adjustments to get it correct.
Just because the light is the brightest ever made does not mean that is good for the area. Test different lights at different wattages to find a good fit. On most occasions a 40watt light bulb would be just as or more effective than a 100watt light bulb.
Take the extra time now to survey your property. Criminals don’t like to be seen.
At Royale installation we offer a bespoke lighting design service to ensure that you have the right lighting for the right task. We’ll help you with a scheme that will bring out the key features of your house and garden, and make your space come to life. We have a comprehensive team of experienced and fully qualified lighting designers. We calculate the best layout for target lighting as well as mood lighting.
The days of placing one pendent in the middle of every room and hope for the best are long gone. The life styles and use of our homes have changed dramatically. The general uses of lighting in terms of security, entertainment, function differ from person to person.
Lighting is a critical part of creating the right ambiance and fundamental to the success of any space. Creativity and excellent product knowledge are essential when it comes to designing the right lighting, and we pride ourselves on both, but it’s our passion, flexibility, and personal approach that really sets us apart. Whether it’s your home, an art gallery, coffee shop or office, our exciting and intelligent designs turn the mundane into the fabulous.